* Adobe Creative Suite
The Photoshop Creative Suite (CS) offers professional applications, including Photoshop, Adobe Illustrator, Adobe InDesign, and Adobe Acrobat. The CS includes tools for image manipulation, web design and publication, graphic and layout design, and video and animation editing. You can purchase a bundle, or it’s available as a downloadable individual package. For more information, go to `www.adobe.com`.
* Photoshop Elements
Photoshop Elements is a free package based on Photoshop CS, and it’s available as a downloadable application. You need only have a computer that runs Windows XP or Windows Vista to run Photoshop Elements. For more information, go to `www.adobe.com`.
Creating a 1-Bit-Per-Color (1-bit) Image
The most basic mode in Photoshop is called 1-bit per color (1-bit), and it provides a nice way to use the correct bitdepth for your image. Because the 1-bit file is based on 24-bit data, it’s used mainly for making scanned images from photographs to convey the tonal values of your image to your audience.
In the following steps, you’ll create an image using this basic format.
1. **In the Navigation bar, click File, and then Open**.
The Open dialog box appears.
2. **Navigate to the folder containing the image that you want to open, and then click the image file you want to open. When you see the image on your screen, click Open.**
When you use a RAW file, you see previews of each image type in the file as you browse.
Figure 9-2. The Open dialog box lets you navigate to a folder on your hard drive, or to a location on a flash drive, or you can create a new folder to open on your computer. At the bottom of the dialog box, the Filter button opens the Filter dialog box, shown here.
Figure 9-2. The navigation bar of a Photoshop file window lets you see all the folders you’ve created, as well as where you’ll find the images you’ve put into them. The Navigation drop-down menu lets you jump to any of these folders right from the file window, or open them for further exploration.
Here’s how to actually open the image file on your computer screen.
3. **At the top of the file window, click the Open, Close
Arguably, Photoshop and Elements are the most popular graphic design software applications out there and they have helped people create just about everything from marketing materials to movies, to popular websites. Although the application can be expensive and take a long time to learn, it can be a powerful tool when used by skilled hands.
You may only need to use Photoshop or Photoshop Elements on a daily basis, but there are a lot of ways that you can use it to create some pretty cool stuff. Some of these projects will get you the most renown and others will just be fun projects.
Read on for 12 ways to use Photoshop and Elements on a daily basis.
With Photoshop, you can create these things…
12 Awesome Ways to Use Photoshop to Create Cool Stuff
1. Photo Manipulations
By working with the Basic Palette tool, you can add and remove color from an image. A combination of things like the type of layer you’ve created, the blending mode and whether to use transparency will determine what happens to your image.
You can create a mask that allows you to see through an image and select areas of that image. You can also pull areas of different colors from a selected image using the Magic Wand. Once a specific area is selected you can apply a specific adjustment or even add a new layer to it.
You can create complex 3D effects by using Photoshop’s 3D features. Basically, you’ll add a perspective and set the view. From there you can duplicate or delete the layer, as well as adjust its color, opacity and blending mode. If you want, you can use the Warp tool to reshape layers.
With Photoshop’s Lasso tool, you can grab specific parts of your images and perform actions like trimming or selecting. You can use the Paint Bucket tool to add a new layer, and then you’ll be able to fill it with the color of your choice. You can even use the Liquid Rescale tool to create blurry effects.
You can easily edit almost any aspect of an image. With the Clone Stamp tool, you can create a copy of a selected area or image. You’ll usually start with a layer, so you can create a copy with the Selection tool. You can also use the Shadow/Highlight tool to add or remove areas of your image that are bright or dark. You can also use the Gradient tool to create a linear gradient or radial
(Image credit: M3designStudio.com)
3. Using Layer Masks
Layer masks are a quick and easy way to protect or hide a part of an image. They work like a stencil, covering the area covered by the mask with a solid color. You can adjust the blend mode of the mask to decrease or increase the level of transparency. It is also possible to mask an entire layer, to replace the color of the layer with that of the mask.
There are two types of Layer masks:
Hard and Soft Masks
The Hard mask is usually filled with the color of the layer, so you can hide the part of the image without damaging it. For example, if you have a silver paper, you can paint a copy of the image directly on it using the Soft mask, and hide the copied area. When you remove the paper, the copied layer remains.
Soft mask is a color transparent area. If you paint with a Soft mask, you can make a completely transparent (by choosing Fill and setting the opacity to 0%) image. So, it is sometimes easier to work with the Soft mask, because you can have a completely white or black image.
(Image credit: M3designStudio.com)
4. Using Layer Styles
Layer Styles are a way to give additional visual effects to a layer. You can use them to produce drop shadows, reflections, highlight effects, and to create a blurred or antialiased layer. All these features can be combined with each other and with the opacity of the layer.
Drop shadow is the most commonly used effect. The amount of the drop shadow is set as a proportion of the layer’s opacity. The blur effect is used to set the overall level of the opacity of the layer.
(Image credit: M3designStudio.com)
5. Using Layer Comps
Layer Comps allows you to view the current contents of a layer in the overall image context. This means that you can see the image’s context where the layer is placed – such as surrounding pixels. It is especially useful when, for instance, you want to apply filters to a layer.
Using layer masks, you can easily separate a layer from the original image, making it easier to add, for instance, a background image or add an extra layer without using selections.
The Lasso tool allows you to select a
The relationship between learning and age in children with hearing loss.
The aim of the study was to investigate the relationship between chronological and perceptual age, based on the model of Shaffer (1997), and the relationship between learning and age in children with hearing impairment. The sample comprised 116 children with hearing impairment aged from four to seven years. The children were divided into four groups, according to chronological and perceptual ages: aged four to five (group 1), five to six (group 2) and six to seven (group 3) and aged seven to eight (group 4). All children participated in three different tasks: a perception task, a memory task and a reading task. Results showed that, in general, chronological age was not related to perceptual age (χ2 = 7.3, p =.07). Furthermore, the study showed that perceptual age was significantly related to reading ability (p Effects of the 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase inhibitors (statins) on the growth and differentiation of mouse neural precursor cells.
Serum cholesterol was lowered by a variety of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase inhibitors (statins), and these compounds were also found to have pleiotropic effects on many types of cells. In order to examine the direct effect of statins on neural differentiation, we carried out a series of experiments to examine the effects of statins on the growth and differentiation of neural precursor cells. Statins were added to cultures of dividing precursor cells isolated from mouse embryonic brains after the progenitors had been allowed to differentiate for one week. The results indicated that although most statins prevented the differentiation of neuroblasts and astrocytes, only atorvastatin and fluvastatin decreased neuronal cell proliferation.
Supported OS: Windows XP or later (v. 2008 or later) Windows 7 or later Mac OS X 10.7 or later
Minimum CPU: 1.5 GHz Intel processor or AMD Athlon 64 x2 processor or faster.
Memory: 2 GB RAM (8 GB for Xbox 360)
Hard disk space: 100 MB available space
Video Card: GeForce 8800 GT or Radeon HD 3400 or later (v. 2011 or later)
DirectX: DirectX 9.0c or later